Homeownership As A Proven Way To Battle Poverty
Homeowners are more capable of accumulating wealth, they tend to have higher civic engagement, better physical health, and reduced crime rates. Once a family owns a home, they are more likely to protect this new asset. Because property value is determined by both structure quality and neighborhood character, homeowners are more likely to engage in the community in a positive way to ensure the value of their asset remains high. Increased homeownership boosts both the local and national economies through increase property value and increasing the local tax base which improves public services. Children who live in a stable home tend to have better physical health, do better academically, and are more likely to be homeowners themselves as adults ensuring future economic growth.
But people in poverty can only reap the benefits of homeownership if their ownership is sustainable. Athens Area Habitat for Humanity builds 3 bedroom, 1 bathroom homes for just $67,000 using a zero-interest mortgage, which includes the cost of land. This makes homeowner payments just $223 per month plus taxes and insurance. Partner families also provide a down payment of $500 as well as 500 “sweat equity” hours which are earned by working on Habitat job sites. Habitat helps families build homes of their own through sweat equity and a manageable payment plan, giving families in need a “hand up” not a hand out.
The Housing Need in the Athens Area
The median home value in Athens-Clarke County as of 2014 was $111,300. Using the 30 percent rule, annual income of $33,390 is required to afford a home of this value, which equates to an hourly wage of about $16.05/hour working 40 hours/week. Consequently, approximately 21,000 households in Athens-Clarke County do not have incomes that would support monthly homeowner costs for a home of this value. Even for an $80,000 home in Athens-Clarke County, where an individual would have to make an annual income of $24,000 to afford a monthly homeowner costs without paying more than 30 percent, approximately 17,250 households could not afford to own this home.